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German - Preterit / Past Tense / Präteritum / Imperfekt / 1. Vergangenheit - Usage, Forms - Grammar - longua.org

 

 

Preterit / Past Tense / Präteritum / Imperfekt / 1. Vergangenheit

 

Usage of the Verwendung des Präteritum

The Preterit / Präteritum / Imperfekt is a tense of the past and expresses the timeframe as the Perfect. The difference between the two tenses is a stylistic or regional one. The  Preterit / Präteritum is rather used in the North.
The Preterit / Präteritum is especially used in the written language, as e.g. in newspapers, novels, ... And
- Auxiliary verbs: haben (to have)sein (to be)werden (to become)
Modal verbs: dürfen (have the permission), können (can), möchten (would like to), mögen (like), müssen (must / have to), sollen (should), wollen (want to)
- Full verbs: brauchen (to need), bringen (to bring), denken (to think), fahren (to drive), gehen (to go), kommen (to come), lassen (let), laufen (to walk), nehmen (to take), rufen (to call), schlafen (to sleep), wissen (to know), ziehen (to pull)

Verbal forms of the Preterit / Präteritum

There are different ways to form the Preterit / Präteritum in German.
There are:
Regular verbs: Regular verbs form the Preterit / Präteritum by adding a –t– between the verb stem and the personal ending... 
Irregular verbs: The Preterit / Präteritum of irregular verbs is formed by changing the stem.
Seperable verbs / trennbare Verben
Modal verbs

 

regular

irregular

seperable

modalverb

infinitive

machen

sehen

ankommen

können

ich 
du
er/sie/es
wir
ihr
sie/Sie

machte
machtest
machte
machten
machtet
machten

sah
sahst
sah
sahen
saht
sahen

kam _ an
kamst _ an
kam _ an
kamen _ an
kamt _ an
kamen _ an

konnte
konntest
konnte
konnten
konntet
konnten

infinitive

to make

to see

to arrive

can

past

made

saw

arrived

could

 

 

 

Irregular verbs form the Preterit / Präteritum like in the following tables:

German - Irregular Verbs: List: a - b

German - Irregular Verbs: List: c - f

German - Irregular Verbs: List: k - m

German - Irregular Verbs: List: n - r

German - Irregular Verbs: List: s - sch

German - Irregular Verbs: List: se - st

German - Irregular Verbs: List: t - v

German - Irregular Verbs: List: w - z

 

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