Tenses: Present Tense, Past Tense, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Future Present, Future Past - Tempora: Präsens, Präteritum, Perfekt, Plusquamperfekt, Futur I, Futur II - List - German Grammar - Deutsche Grammatik

  

Tenses

Verbs can be used in different tenses (Tempora / Zeiten). The tenses in German are:
- Präsens - Present Tense
- Präteritum - Past Tense
- Perfekt - Present Perfect
- Plusquamperfekt - Past Perfect
- Futur I - Future Present
- Futur II - Future Past

 

The German terms differ from the Latin terms. Especially at primary school, pupils learn the German ones:
- Gegenwart - Present Tense
- 1. Vergangenheit - Past Tense
- 2. Vergangenheit - Present Perfect
- 3. Vergangenheit - Past Perfect
- 1. Zukunft - Future Present
- 2. Zukunft - Future Past

Table of Tense:

 

Tempus

Zeit

Tense

Example

English

Präsens

Gegenwart

Present Tense

ich gehe

I go

Präteritum / Imperfekt

1. Vergangenheit

Past Tense

ich ging

I went

Perfekt

2. Vergangenheit

Present Perfect

ich bin gegangen

I have gone

Plusquamperfekt

3. Vergangenheit

Past Perfect

ich war gegangen

I had gone

Futur I

1. Zukunft

Future Present

ich werde gehen

I will go

Futur II

2. Zukunft

Future Past

ich werde gegangen sein

I will have gone

 

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