Difference between Preterit / Präteritum and Present Perfect Perfekt - German Grammar - Deutsche Grammatik

  

Difference between Preterit / Präteritum and Present Perfect Perfekt

The Preterit / Präteritum and the Present Perfect / Perfekt describe the same period of time in the past, the differences are rather stylistic or regional.
Preterit / Präteritum: written language, modal verbsauxiliary verbs, some (few) full verbs; rather northern German
Present Perfect / Perfekt: spoken language, rather southern German

Preterit / Präteritum

Present Perfect / Perfekt

Written language: newspapers, novels, reports, ...
Modal verbs: dürfen (to be allowed to), können (can), mögen (like) /möchten (would like), müssen (must, have to), sollen (should), wollen (to want to)
Auxiliary verbs: haben (to have), sein (to be), werden (to be / become)
Full verbs: wissen (to know), kommen (to come), gehen (to go), ...

Spoken language

Northern Germany

Southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Southern Tirol

The irregular / strong verbs (unregelmäßigen / starken Verben) form the Past Participle (Partizip II) according to the following table:

German - Irregular Verbs: List: a - b

German - Irregular Verbs: List: c - f

German - Irregular Verbs: List: k - m

German - Irregular Verbs: List: n - r

German - Irregular Verbs: List: s - sch

German - Irregular Verbs: List: se - st

German - Irregular Verbs: List: t - v

German - Irregular Verbs: List: w - z

 

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