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French - Negation - ne ... rien, rien ... ne - Grammar - longua.org

 

Negation - ne ... rien, rien ... ne

 

Statements can be possitive or negative. In general, negative statements are expressed by a negation particle. In English e.g. by “no” or “not”.
In French, the following expressions are used for the negation:

- ne ... pas (not)
- ne ... pas du tout (not at all)
- ne ... plus (not anymore)
- ne ... jamais (never)
- ne ... rien (nothing)
- ne ... personne (nobody, no one)
- ne ... aucun / aucune (no, any)

The French negation consists of two parts, the is one negation particle before the verb and one after it.

- verbs: Je ne parle pas avec cette personne.
- nouns: Elle n’a pas d’amis ici.

Examples:

French

English

Je ne mange pas de salade.

I don’t eat salad.

Elle n’écoute pas la musique.

She doesn’t listen to the musik.

Je ne l’ai pas du tout compris.

I haven’t understood anything.

Ils ne se parlent plus.

They don’t talk to each other anymore.

Je n’étais jamais au Japon.

I have never been to Japan.

Je ne mange rien.
Und:
Rien ne va plus.

I don’t eat anything. (Object)
and:
Nothing goes anymore. (Subject)

Il n’a vu personne.
Und:
Personne ne l’a vu.

He hasn’t seen anyone. (Object)
and:
No one has seen him. (Subject)

Il n’a aucun plan pour ce soir.

He has no plan for this evening.

“rien” and “aucun/e” can be subjects as well as objects.

 

Also read:

French - Article - Definite Article - le, la, l', les - the

French - Article - Indefinite Article - un, une - a, an

French - Article - Partitive

French - Article + Preposition - du, des, au, aux

French - L'Article - pdf

French - Conjunctions - Graduation Conjunctions

French - Le Futur Antérieur - pdf

French - Le Futur Composé - pdf

French - Le Futur Simple - pdf

French - Gérondif / Gerund

 

 

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