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Dative

 

The nouns (Substantive, Nomen) can appear in different cases (Kasus / Fällen). The dative shows the relation of two persons or things (see: indirect object / zu, nach) or goes with certain prpositions.

Dative:

 

Table of the definite article:

 

male

female

neutral

plural

Nominative

der

die

das

die

Accusative

den

die

das

die

Dative

dem

der

dem

den ...n

Genitive

des ...s

der

des ...s

der

Table of the indefinite article:

 

 

male

female

neutral

plural

Nominativ

ein

eine

ein

-

Akkusativ

einen

eine

ein

-

Dativ

einem

einer

einem

- ...n

Genitiv

eines ...s

einer

eines ...s

-

Usage:


Some verbs need a dative complement:

passen (to fit), stehen (to suit), helfen (to help), gratulieren (to congratulate), es geht (~how are you?), gefallen (to please), gehören (to belong), anbieten (to offer), schmecken (to taste), fehlen (to miss), antworten (to answer), danken (to thank), gelingen (to succeed), nutzen (to be useful), schaden (to harm)

Example:
Die Frau (Nominativ) antwortet dem Mann (Dativ).
The woman (nominative / subject) answer the man (dative object).

Other verbs need an accusative and a dative:

geben (to give): schicken (to send), senden (to send), übergeben (to hand over), bringen (to bring), schenken (to make a gift), leihen (to borrow, lend)
sagen (to say): mitteilen (to inform), erklären (to explain), erzählen (to tell), nennen (to name)
zeigen (to show)

Example:
Der Mann (Nominativ) gibt dem Freund (Dativ) den Schlüssel (Akkusativ).
The man (nominative / subject) give the key (accusative object / direct complement) to the man (dative object / indirect complement).

 

Also read:

German - Nominative

German - Accusative

German - Dative

German - Nominative

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