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German - Question Sentences and Declarative Sentences - Grammar - longua.org

 

Question Sentences and Declarative Sentences

 

There are interrogative sentences with and without question words.
- The answer of simple interrogative sentences is: yes or no (Yes / No question)
- The answer of questions with question words is a declarative sentence.

Structure ofdeclarative sentence

Structure of simple interrogative sentence

Structure: question words + question sentence

Subject – Verb ...

Verb – Subject ... ?

Question words – Verb – Subject...?

Question words are e.g. wiewerwaswarumwiesowannwowoher or wohin.

G:

wie

wer

was

warum

wieso

wann

wo

woher

wohin

E:

how

who

what

why

why

when

where

from where

to where

Examples:

German:

Declarative Sentence

Simple Interrogative Sentence

Question Word + Interrogative Sentence

Ich heiße Maria.

Heißt du Maria?

Wie heißt du?

Das ist Martin.

Ist das Martin?

Wer ist das?

Das ist ein Computer.

Ist das ein Computer?

Was ist das?

Ich wohne in Stuttgart.

Wohnst du in Stuttgart?

Wo wohnst du?

Ich komme aus Italien.

Kommst du aus Italien?

Woher kommst du?

Er fährt nach Kalabrien.

Fährt er nach Kalabrien?

Wohin fährt er?

 

English:

Declarative Sentence

Simple Interrogative Sentence

Question Word + Interrogative Sentence

My name is Maria.

Is your name Maria?

What’s your name?

That’s Martin.

Is that Martin?

Who is that?

That’s a computer.

Is that a computer?

What is that?

I live in Stuttgart.

Do you live in Stuttgart?

Where do you live?

I come from Italy.

Do you come from Italy?

Where do you come from?

He goes to Calabria.

Does he go to Calabria?

Where does he go?

 

 

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