Relative Pronouns - Relativpronomen - German Grammar - Deutsche Grammatik

  

 

Relative Pronouns:

 

Relative pronouns connect the main clause with a subordinate clause / phrase.

 

Therelative pronouns are (list of relative pronouns):

 

male

female

neutral

plural

Nominative

der

die

das

die

Accusative

den

die

das

die

Dative

dem

der

dem

denen

Genitive

dessen

deren

dessen

deren

English relative pronouns are: who, which, that, whom and whose

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Use:

Der Mannder hier ist. N - The man, who is here.
The male referential noun: der Mann - the man
needs a nominative supplement.

N = Nominativ / Nominative
A = Akkusativ / Accusative
D = Dativ / Dative
G = Genitiv / Genitive

In English there is no difference in gender, whereas in German the gender and case define which relative pronoun is used.

English:
The man, who is here. N
                , who I see. A
               , who I help. D
              , whose wife I know. G
               , who I am waiting for. A
              , who I am speaking with. D

German:
Der Mann, der hier ist. N
                 , den ich sehe. A
                 , dem ich helfe. D
                 , dessen Frau ich kenne. G
                 , auf den ich warte. A
                 , mit dem ich spreche. D

Die Frau, die hier ist. N
              , die ich sehe. A
              , der ich helfe. D
              , deren Mann ich kenne. G
              , auf die ich warte. A
              , mit der ich spreche. D

Das Kind, das hier ist. N
               , das ich sehe. A
               , dem ich helfe. D
               , dessen Mutter ich kenne. G
                , auf das ich warte. A
                , mit dem ich spreche. D

Die Männer, die hier sind. N
                  , die ich sehe. A
                 , denen ich helfe. D
                 , deren Frauen ich kenne. G
                 , auf die ich warte. A
                 , mit denen ich spreche. D

 

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