Mode: Conjunctive I, Conjunctive II: Unreality, Hypothesis, Wishes, Courtesy - German Grammar - Deutsche Grammatik

  

Conjunctive

Verbs appear in different modes (modus, modi).
The indicative describes the reality, whereas the the conjunctive describes unrealities, wishes and conditions.
The conjunctive appears in two different forms:

Conjunctive I / Konjunktiv I

The Conjunctive I is formed with the present stem and the conjunctive personal endings.
It is used to express the Reported Speech.

Conjunctive II / Konjunktiv II

The Conjunctive II is formed with the preterit stem and the conjunctive personal endings.
It is used to express wishes, courtesy, unrealities and conditions.
The Conjunctive II / Konjunktiv II exists in two forms:

Conjunctive II Present / Konjunktiv II Gegenwart
Conjunctive II Past / Konjunktiv II Vergangenheit

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Compare (in German):

Indikativ: ich gehe
Konjunktiv: ich ginge
Konjunktiv I / Indirekte Rede
Konjunktiv II / Wünsche, Hypothesen, Höflichkeit
Imperativ: geh!

 

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