Types of Perfect Formation - v, u, s, lengthen, reduplication - Latin Grammar - Lateinische Grammatik

  

Types of Perfect Formation - v, u, s, lengthen, reduplication

- v-Perfect
- u-Perfect
- s-Perfect
- Perfect with Lengthening
- Reduplication Perfect

 

In Latin there are different ways how to form the perfect, they can be classified according to the following scheme.

 

 

v-Stem

u-Stem

s-Stem I

s-Stem II

Infinitive

amare

monere

ponere

vincere

Present

amat

monet

pono

vincio

Perfect-
Infinitive

amavisse

monuisse

posuisse

vinxisse

Perfect

amavit

monuit

posuit

vinxit

English

to love

to remind / urge

to put

to win

 

 

Lengthening I

Lengthening II

Dedupli-
cation I

Dedupli-
cation II

Dedupli-
cation III

Infinitive

venire

videre

currere

dare

pellere

Present

venit

videt

currit

dat

pellit

Perfect-
Infinitive

venisse

vidisse

cucurrisse

dedisse

pepulsisse

Perfect

venit

vidit

cucurrit

dedit

pepulsit

English

kommen

sehen

rennen

geben

drücken

 

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