Gerundivum - Latin Grammar - Lateinische Grammatik

  

Gerundivum

The gerundivum is a verbal adjective. To form the gerundivum you take a verb without its infinitive ending and add the right gerund ending. It resembles the adjective and the participle in its use, but often has the secondary meaning of “must”, “is to”, ...

Declination of the Gerundivum

The gerundivum is declinated following the table of the o- and a-declination.

amare > ama - nd - us

Singular - amandus - “is to love”

Case

male

female

neutral

Nominative

amand-us

amand-a

amand-um

Genitive

amand-ī

amand-ae

amand-ī

Dative

amand-ō

amand-ae

amand-ō

Accusative

amand-um

amand-am

amand-um

Vocative

amand-e

amand-a

amand-e

Ablative

amand-ō

amand-ā

amand-ō

 

Plural - amandus - “is to love”

Case

male

female

neutral

Nominative

amand-ī

amand-ae

amand-a

Genitive

amand-ōrum

amand-ārum

amand-ōrum

Dative

amand-īs

amand-īs

amand-īs

Accusative

amand-ōs

amand-īs

amand-a

Vocative

amand-ī

amand-ās

amand-a

Ablative

amand-īs

amand-īs

amand-īs

Example:

Amica amanda est. - The is to be loved / has to be loved.
Bonum librum nobis legendum est. - We must / have to read the book.

Further examples and their translations:

Latin

English

libri legendi

  1. Books to be read
  2. Books that you have to read

Libros legendos video.

  1. I see the books that are to be read.
  2. I see the books that I read.

Librum legendus est.

You have to / need to read the book.

 

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