Prepositions - Kurdish Grammar - Kurdische Grammatik

  

Prepositions

Kurdish prepositions are often translated with adverbs.

Kurdish

English

ba

at, to

bal

at, to

bal ... ve

in direction

without

bêî

without

ber

in front of

ber bi

in direction, to

ber bi ... ve

in direction, to

berî

in front of

bi

with; with the help of; according to

bi

in

bi ... de

on, over

bi ... re

with, by

bi ser ... de

on

bi ... ve

with

bil

except

bin

under, beneath, below

cem

at

dêl

in stead of

der

on, outside

di

“together”, a place / location

di ... ber

on

di ber ... de

in front of

di ber ... re

from in front of, along

di bin ... de

under

di bin ... re

under, beneath, below

di ser ... re

over, above

dû re

after

ji

“far”

ji ber

from far, because of

ji ber ... ve

for

ji ber ... re

in front of, in stead of, by

ji bin

from below

ji bin ... de

from below

(ji) bo

for, in order to

li

“there”

li ber

in front of

li bin

under

li cem

next to, at

li hindir / hindur

in, inside, within

li jêr

down

li jor

above, up

li nav

between, at, inside, within

li nîvê

in the middle

li pas

behind

li pês

in front of

li pist

behind

li ser

on

pê = bi wî / bi wê

in / on him / her

pê re

with him / her

pişt re

after

ser

on

Examples:

li nav - in, between, ...

Kurdish

English

Ez li nav daristan im.

I am in the forest.

ba min

with / at me

berî nivero

before noon

berî her tiştî

especially

berî ko

before

Ber bi min ve dihat.

He came to me.

ji ber wî ve

at his position

bê min

without me

bê tişt

without all

bêî ko

without, that; without -ing

bi vî avayî

so, like that

Bi çend?

How much?

bi cakerê

suddenly

bi tenê /
bi tena xwe

alone

bi min

in my opinion

bi avê de

over the water

bi rê de

underway; on the way

Ew bi min re hat.

He came with me.

Em pev re çun.

We went together.

pê re

with him / her

Alex bi min ve ye.

Alex is with me.

bi ser û berê xwe ve

whole

bilî wî

apart from him

ji bo vê

therefore

ji bo vê yekê

for that reason

cem me

with / at us

Ji cem apê min hatiye.

He came / has come from my uncle’s (place).

ji der vê avê

on the other side of the river

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