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Kurdish Ergative Verbs / Kurdî / کوردی / Kurmandji - Kurdish Grammar

 

Kurdish Ergative Verbs

Kurdish / Kurdî / کوردی

 

Verbs in Kurdish - Ergative

A special phenomen of the Kurdish language can be found with the verbs: Kurmandji uses the Ergative - in contrary to most Indo-European languages.
Logical subjects appears when the verb is ergative as objects. The grammatical subject does not equal the logical subject.

A few examples in other languages:

- German: es geschieht mir - it happens to me
- French: ça me plaît - it pleases to me

In Kurmandji, the agens, the acting person, is not in Casus Rectus (Nominative), but in Casus Obliquus (Accusative, Dative, Genitive).

The Ergative is used with transitive verbs.

Example: I saw you.

Obliquus

Rectus

Verb

Min

tu

dîtî.

Me

you

saw.

There is no Ergative with intransitive verbs.

Example: I came.

Rectus

Verb

Ez

hatim.

I

came.

 

 

 

Also read (in German): 

 

 

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