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French - Pronounciation for English Speakers - Vowel, Consonant, Diphtong - Grammar - longua.org

 

Pronounciation for English Speakers

 

Vowels and Diphtongs

French

English

a

a (like in:but)

à

a (like in: but)

â

a, a (long)

ai, ais, ait, aient

æ (like in: have)

an, am

nasal a: ã

au, aux, eau

o (like in: oh!)

e

ö (short, like in: t-shirt)

é

e (like in: air)

è

æ (like in: have)

ê

æ, e

en, em

nasal a: ã

eu, eus, eut, eux

ö (like in: fur)

i

i (like in: lift)

î

ee (long, like in: bee)

ie

i-e (seperately)

in, im

nasal e

o

o  (long, like in: on)

ô

o, o (long)

oi, ois, oit, oient

oa

on, om

nasal o: õ

ou

u

u

ü

ui, uit

üi

un, um

nasal e

y

i

 

Consonants

Many consonants are not pronounced at the end of the word.

e.g.:

p-: Beginning
-p: End
-: silent

French

English

b

Beginning:
b-: bière
End:
-: plomb

c

Beginning:
k-: vor a, o, u
s-: vor e, i, y
End:
k: sac

ç

s: ça va?

d

Beginning:
d-: du
End:
-: noeud

f

Beginning:
f-: figure
End:
-f: bref
-: clef

g

Beginning:
g before a, o, u
soft sh before e, i, y
End:
- faubourg

h

silent

j

soft sh: jouer

k

k: kaki

l

Beginning:
l-: lu
End:
-l: quel

m

Beginning:
m-: mal
End:
after vowel nasal: important

n

Beginning:
n-: nez
End:
after vowel nasal: interessant

p

Beginning:
p-: peux
End:
-: coup

q

Beginning:
k-: que
End:
-k: Ourcq

r

Beginning:
r-: rit
End:
-: habiter
or:
-r: avoir

s

 

 

-ès

Beginning:
s-: su
End:
-: sous
or:
-s: bus
-s: Jaurès

t

Beginning:
t-: trois
End:
-: peut
or:
-s: but

v

Beginning:
w-: vers

w

Beginning:
w-: wadi

x

Beginning:
x-: xylphone
End:
-: Bordeaux

y

Beginning:
j-: yeux

z

Beginning:
soft s-: Zadig
End:
-: nez

 

 

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