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French - Future in the Past / Futur Antérieur / Futur II - il aura mangé - Grammar - longua.org

 

Future in the Past / Futur Antérieur / Futur II - il aura mangé

 

The Futur Antérieur is the “Past of the Future”, that means it describes a state or an action that will already have been finished in the future.

Examples:

 

French

English

Affirmative Sentence

Il aura travaillé.

He will have worked.

Negative Affirmative Sentence

Il n’aura pas travaillé.

He will not / won’t have worked.

Question

Est-ce qu’il aura travaillé?

Will he have worked?

Form:

The Futur Antérieur is made up of a form of “avoir” - to have (non-movement) or “être” - to be (movement) und dem Participe Passé.

Forms of the Auxiliary Verbs (Futur Simple):

avoir - to have

French

English

j’aurai

I have

tu auras

you have

il / elle / on aura

he / she / it has

nous aurons

we have

vous aurez

you have

ils / elles auront

they have

être - to be

French

English

je suis

I am

tu es

you are

il / elle / on est

he / she / it is

nous sommes

we are

vous êtes

you are

ils / elles sont

they are

The Participe Passé / Past Participle is the second part of the Futur Antérieur.

 

List of some important verbs using “être” for the formation of the Futur Antérieur:

Infinitive

Participe Passé /
Past Participle

English

aller

allé

to go

arriver

arrivé

to arrive

descendre

descendu

to go down

devenir

devenu

to become

entrer

entré

to enter

monter

monté

to get on

mourir

mort

to die

naître

to be born

partir

parti

to leave

rentrer

rentré

to come back

rester

resté

to stay

retourner

retourné

to return

revenir

revenu

to come back

sortir

sorti

to go out

tomber

tombé

to fall

venir

venu

to come

Reflexive Verben im Futur Antérieur

Reflexive Verbs always use the Auxiary Verb “être” to form the Futur Antérieur.

Example:
Demain j’aurai déjà oublié les problèmes d’aujourd’hui.

When is the Past Participle adjusted?

There is NO Adjustment of the Participe Passé / Past Participle with:
- the Auxiliary Verb “avoir” > elle aura écouté

There is AN adjustment of the Participe Passé / Past Participle, with:
- the Auxiliary Verb “être” > elle seratombée
- Reflexive Verbs > elle se sera levée
- Complements (direct object) > elle l’aura vue
- Complements (direct object / relative sentence) > la voiture qu’elle aura vue

 

Examples:

A verb using “avoir - to have” for the Futur Antérieur: manger

French

English

j’aurai mangé

I will have eaten

tu auras mangé

you will have eaten

il / elle / on aura mangé

he / she / it will have eaten

nous aurons mangé

we will have eaten

vous aurez mangé

you will have eaten

ils / elles auront mangé

they will have eaten

A verb using “être- to be” for the Futur Antérieur: aller

French

English

je serai allé(e)

I will have gone

tu seras allé(e)

you will have gone

il sera allé
elle sera allée
on sera allé

he / she / it will have gone

nous serons allé(e)s

we will have gone

vous serez allé(e)s
vous serez allé(e)s

you will have gone

ils seront allés
elles seront allées

they will have gone

 

Examples:

French

English

Après les courses il aura dépensé tout son argent.

After the shopping he will have spent all his money.

Après qu’il aura acheté cette voiture il me la montrera.

After he will have bought the car, he will show it to me.

 

Also read:

French - Questions

French - Les Pronoms - pdf

French - Le Pronom Possessif - pdf

French - Pronoun - Demonstrative Pronoun - ce, cet, cette, ces

French - Pronoun - Demonstrative Pronoun - celui

 

 

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