Conjunctive II Present / Konjunktiv II - Gegenwart - German Grammar - Deutsche Grammatik

  

Form - Conjunctive II / Konjunktiv II:

Conjunctive II Present / Konjunktiv II - Gegenwart

 

The endings of the conjunctive are added to the preterit stem (Präteritumstamm).

Regular verbs:

e.g. er kaufte - he would buy

Subject

Verb Conjunctive II

Form / Tense

English

ich

kaufte

Conjunctive II - Present /
Konjunktiv II - Gegenwart

 

  

 

I would buy

du

kauft(e)st

you would buy

er

kaufte

he would buy

sie

kaufte

she would buy

es

kaufte

it would buy

wir

kauften

we would buy

ihr

kauft(e)t

you would buy

sie (Pl.)

kauften

they would buy

Sie (formal)

kauften

you would buy

 

I the forms of the conjunctive II (Konjunktiv II) - as in the case of the regular verbs - and the preterit (Präteritum) the same, the substitute form with „würde“ is used.

Read in German: Ersatzform mit "würde"

 

Personalpronoun

würde

-en

Infinitive

English

1st person singular

ich

würd

... -e

gehen

I would go

2nd person singular

du

würd

... -est

gehen

you would go

3rd person singular male

er

würd

... -e

gehen

he would go

3rd person singular female

sie

würd

... -e

gehen

she would go

3rd person singular neutral

es

würd

... -e

gehen

it would go

1st person plural

wir

würd

... -en

gehen

we would go

2nd person plural

ihr

würd

... -et

gehen

you would go

3rd person plural

sie

würd

... -en

gehen

they would go

3rd person formal

Sie

würd

... -en

gehen

you would go

 

Irregular verbs:

e.g. er ginge - he would go

Subject

Verb Conjunctive II

Form / Tense

English

ich

ginge

Conjunctive II - Present /
Konjunktiv II - Gegenwart

 

 

I would go

du

ging(e)st

you would go

er

ginge

he would go

sie

ginge

she would go

es

ginge

it would go

wir

gingen

we would go

ihr

ging(e)t

you would go

sie (Pl.)

gingen

they would go

Sie (formal)

gingen

you would go

e.g. er käme - he would come

Subject

Verb Conjunctive II

Form / Tense

English

ich

käme

Conjunctive II - Present /
Konjunktiv II - Gegenwart

 

 

 

I would come

du

käm(e)st

you would come

er

käme

he would come

sie

käme

she would come

es

käme

it would come

wir

kämen

we would come

ihr

käm(e)t

you would come

sie (Pl.)

kämen

they would come

Sie (formal)

kämen

you would come

The substitute form with "würde" - would - is also used with irregular verbs.

The "real" conjunctive II form is also used with:

 

Modalverbs:

können > könnte - can
müssen > müsste - must
dürfen > dürfte - to be allowed to
wollen > wollte - to want to
sollen > sollte - should
(mögen > möchte) - would like

Important irregular verbs:

bleiben > bliebe - to stay
brauchen > bräuchte - to need
bringen > brächte - to bring
finden > fände - to find
gehen > ginge - to go
haben > hätte - to have
halten > hielte - to hold
kommen > käme - to come
lassen > ließe - to let / leave
liegen > läge - to lie
nehmen > nähme - to take
schlafen > schliefe - to sleep
sein > wäre - to be
sehen > sähe - to see
sitzen > säße - to sit
stehen > stünde!!! - to stand
tragen > trüge - to carry / wear
werden > würde - to become
wissen > wüsste - to know

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