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German - Adjectives, Position, Declination, Grading, Adjectives + Preposition - Grammar - longua.org

 

The Adjective

 

An adjective describes a noun.
You can ask: How is something? The answer is an adjective.

Adjectives:

 

1. Postion in front of the noun and after the noun

If adjectives are in front of the noun the take its grammatical form. An ending is added according to number / Numerus (Zahl: Singular/Plural), gender / Genus (Geschlecht) and Case / Kasus (Fall).
See Adjective declination.
If adjectives are after the noun, they do not change.

 

2. Declination of Adjectives - Adjective endings
Das alte Auto ist rot. - The car is red.
Ein altes Auto steht auf der Straße. - The old car is in the street.
Altes Auto! - Old car!
> In English adjectives never change.

 

3. Adjectives with the verbs "sein" - to be, "werden" - to become and "bleiben" - to stay
If adjectives are in a sentence with the verbs "sein", "werden" und "bleiben", they do not change and a form fixed of verb and adjective: copula verb / Kopulaverb.
Er ist jung. - He is young.
Sie wird rot. - He turns red.
Er bleibt ungerührt. - He stays unaffected.

 Comparation of Adjectives - Positive, Comparative, Superlative

 

German

English

Positiv: Er ist groß. Er ist so groß wie Markus.
Komparativ: Er ist größer als sie.
Superlativ: Er ist am größten.

Positive: He is tall. He is as tall as Markus.
Comparative: He is taller than her.
Superlative: He is the tallest.

 

5. Adjectives with Infinitive
Er ist bereit zu gehen. - He is ready to go.

 

6. Adjectives with fixed Prepositions
Sie wartet auf ihn. - She is waiting for him.
> There are different prepositions in different languages.

 

7. Participles as Adjectives
Der lachende Junge - The laughing boy
Das gekaufte Auto - The bought car

 

 

 

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