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Active and Passive with Modal Verbs

 

The active is a verbal form where the agent is active; the passive is a verbal form where something happens to the subject.
The tenses are: Präsens (Present tense), Präteritum (Past tense), Perfekt (Perfect), Plusquamperfekt (Past perfect), Futur I (Future present), Futur II (Future past), Konjunktiv I Gegenwart (Conjunctive I present), Konjunktiv I Vergangenheit (Conjunctive I past), Konjunktiv II Gegenwart (Conjunctive II present / Conditional I), Konjunktiv II Vergangenheit (Conjunctive II past / Conditional II)
In the following table we use the modal verb “müssen” - must / have to.

 

Active and Passive with Modal Verbs

 

German

English

Tense / Tempus

Active

Passive

Active

Passive

Präsens

Der Mann muss das Brot essen.

Das Brot muss vom Mann gegessen werden.

The man must / has to eat the bread.

The bread must / has to be eaten by the man.

Präteritum

Der Mann musste das Brot essen.

Das Brot musste vom Mann gegessen werden.

The man had to eat the bread.

The bread had to be eaten by the man.

Perfekt

Der Mann hat das Brot essen müssen.

Das Brot hat vom Mann gegessen werden müssen.

The man has had to eat the bread.

The bread has had to be eaten by the man.

Plusquamperfekt

Der Mann hatte das Brot essen müssen.

Das Brot hatte vom Mann gegessen werden müssen.

The man had had to eat the bread.

The bread had had to be eaten by the man.

Futur I

Der Mann wird das Brot essen müssen.

Das Brot wird vom Mann gegessen werden müssen.

The man will have to eat the bread.

The bread will have to be eaten by the man.

Futur II

Der Mann wird das Brot gegessen haben müssen.

Das Brot wird vom Mann gegessen worden sein müssen.

The man will have had to eat the bread.

The bread will have had to be eaten by the man.

Konjunktiv I Gegenwart

Der Mann werde das Brot essen müssen.

Das Brot werde vom Mann gegessen werden müssen.

-

-

Konjunktiv I Vergangenheit

Der Mann werde das Brot gegessen haben müssen.

Das Brot werde vom Mann gegessen worden sein müssen.

-

-

Konjunktiv II Gegenwart

Der Mann müsste das Brot essen.

Das Brot müsste vom Mann gegessen werden.

The man would have to eat the bread.

The bread would have to be eaten by the man.

Konjunktiv II Vergangenheit

Der Mann hätte das Brot essen müssen.

Das Brot hätte vom Mann gegessen worden müssen.

The man would have had to eat the bread.

The bread would have had to be eaten by the man.

 

 

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